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Fundemental British Values

Fundamental British Values are at the heart of everything we do at Horsted Keynes preschool. There are four fundamental British Values that we promote: 


  • Rule of Law

  • Individual Liberty

  • Democracy

  • Mutual tolerance and respect.


These four values all fit within the categories of Personal, Social and Emotional Development (PESD) and Understanding of the World (UTW).

We focus on promoting the more general concepts within the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) and understand that the children’s development within these areas is key to promoting the values in the long term.

Rule of Law:
understanding rules

  • Help children understand boundaries and acceptable behaviour

  • Help children think about keeping safe and away from danger

  • Ensure that children understand their own and other’s behaviour and the consequences and learn to distinguish right from wrong

  • Collaborate with children to create the rules and the codes of behaviours e.g., the rules about tidying up and the children understand rules apply to everyone

  • Have visits from people such as local police officers who tell us about their jobs and how they keep us safe

Individual Liberty:
freedom for all

  • Teach children that their decisions count

  • Help children understand that they have the right to feel safe and not frightened

  • Help children to understand feelings and teach the language of feelings

  • Teach children to say ‘no’ if they don’t like/want to do something

  • Encourage a range of experiences that allow children to explore the language of feelings and responsibility, reflect on their differences and understand that we are free to have different opinions

  • Develop a positive sense of themselves.

  • Provide opportunities for children to develop their self-knowledge, self-esteem, and increase their confidence in their own abilities

  • We teach children about individual liberty by allowing them to take risks, for example during outdoor play and when trying new ideas

making decisions together

  • Build children’s self-esteem, self-awareness, and self-confidence

  • Build children’s ability and willingness to say what they want/need and to speak up for themselves knowing they will be listened to

  •  Support the decisions that children make and provide opportunities that allow taking turns, sharing and collaboration

  • Respect each other’s views and values and talk about their feelings e.g., when they need/don’t need help

  • provide activities that involve turn-taking, sharing and collaboration

  • Children are given opportunities to develop enquiring minds in an atmosphere where questions are valued

Mutual tolerance and respect:
treat others as you want to be treated

  • Help children deal with conflicts by talking, explaining their motives, and negotiating e.g., help with sharing toys

  • Teach children to treat others as they would want to be treated themselves

  • Share stories that reflect and value the diversity of children’s experiences and providing resources, activities and trips that challenge gender, cultural and racial stereotyping

  • Teach the children about cultural events and festivals

  • We help the children to recognise and respect both similarities and differences

  • We teach children to be polite and listen to others

  • We teach the children to use ‘Kind words’, that we share and are helpful and respectful to others

  • We encourage the children to recognise and celebrate success

  • We involve the children in the wider community through fundraising for things such as Children in need and red nose day

  • We teach children to be part of their local community and we plan to celebrate festivals and mark special days from the world around us, linking children’s learning so they understand they are part of a much wider world; displaying posters and reading books which show world religions and cultures, blended families, disability, equality of opportunity etc. as the norm

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